Definition of Alzheimer’s Disease:

A degenerative brain disease of a no known cause is the most common form of dementia. It usually starts in late middle age or in old age. It results in progressive memory loss.

These include: impaired thinking, disorientation and changes in personality & mood. The historic marking are by the degeneration of brain neurons. Note: cerebral cortex & by presence of neurofibrillary tangles and plaques containing beta-amyloid.

Midlife or middle age, is a normal developmental life stage. Also refers to those aged between 40 and 65.

Later life or old age, is a normal developmental life stage. It refers to those aged 60-65 and older.

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a generally defined as impairment in cognitive abilities greater than expected for age,which does not interfere with daily life and is not severe enough to warrant a diagnosis of dementia. Some experience increased difficulty in daily activities yet still able to function.

Some common diseases also lack adequate treatment. Alzheimer’s affects approximately 5 million people in the US and that over 320,000 Australians are living with dementia. Without a significant medical breakthrough, this is to increase to around 900,000 by 2050.

While approximately 1 in 11 people over the age of 65 have dementia, a further 1 in 5 have mild cognitive impairment. This is likely to increase the risk of progressing to dementia.

It is not yet understood and that the medicines that are available to treat Alzheimer’s are not very effective.

Arthritis, which refers to more than 100 diseases and conditions that affect the joints, affects more than 50 million people in the US. While there are many medicines approved for the treatment of arthritis, the disease continues to cause a lot of pain and disability.

Related: Dementia Australia and Alzheimer’s Association USA